The aim of this study is to investigate the change in communication skills and challenging behaviour in clients moving from large to small scale accommodation.
Prior to the move, clients'level of communication skills were measured by the Pre-Verbal Communication Schedule, while their challenging behaviours were measured by the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist.
They were also diagnosed using the Research Diagnostic Criteria : ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders.
All the above measures, apart from the ICD-10, were repeated at the end of the sixth month, and one-year after the move.
In terms of communication skills, results showed that profound multiple learning difficulty (PMLD) clients showed no significant changes.
Pre-verbal (PV) clients showed a tendency toward improvement over time after the move (ranged from 16% to 51%). Verbal (VB) clients showed prominent improvement (ranged from 16% to 86%). In terms of challenging behaviour, again, PMLD clients showed no significant change, apart from social withdrawal (46%). Neither was there any important change in the PV clients.
In fact, the factors of social withdrawal and hyperactivity had gone up slightly.
VB clients showed some improvement ranging from 12% to 60%. Correlation coefficients also showed that prior to the move, there were more challenging behaviours correlated with communication skills than six-month and one year later.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude longitudinale, Trouble communication, Trouble comportement, Trouble apprentissage, Changement comportement, Changement, Institution, Interaction sociale, Homme, Filière soins
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Follow up study, Communication disorder, Behavioral disorder, Learning disability, Behavior change, Change, Institution, Social interaction, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0244953
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 09/06/1995.