Pilot studies to test methods to determine the incidence, agents, risk factors and socioeconomic costs of infectious intestinal disease (IID) in England were carried out as recommended by the Committee on the Microbiological Safety of Food (the Richmond Committee) by eight general practices.
There were case control and enumeration studies of patients presenting to general practice with IID, a population-based prospective cohort study, and a survey of socioeconomic costs of cases of IID.
Information on risk factors was obtained by questionnaire (self-administered compared with interview) and a stool sample was requested on all cases and controls.
Response rates in the GP case control study were 75% for case questionnaires and 74% for stools ; for controls the figures were 70% and 68% respectively.
The acceptance rate into the cohort study was 49% ; this was significantly higher where phone contact was made.
The rate was similar if recruitment was by individual or household.
Follow-up of the cohort by negative reporting was complete for up to 6 months.
Direct postage by subject was required to obtain fresh stool specimens.
Estimates were obtained of presentation rates of IID and the distribution of risk factors which were used to plan the main study.
The pilot study demonstrated that it is possible to undertake a national study based in general practice to determine the incidence of IID in the population and presenting to GPs and its agents, risk factors and costs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Intestin, Facteur risque, Etiologie, Incidence, Coût, Economie santé, Intestin pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Gut, Risk factor, Etiology, Incidence, Costs, Health economy, Intestinal disease, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0244269
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 09/06/1995.