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  1. Can the Year 2000 objective for reducing overweight in the United State be reached ? a simulation study of the required changes in body weight.

    Article - En anglais

    AIM 

    The purpose of this analysis was to estimate the magnitude of weight change required in the six-year period between 1994 and the Year 2000 if Americans are to reach the Healthy People 2000 goal for reduction of overweight among those ages 20-74 to no more than 20% among all adults and no more than 30% among black women.

    Prevention of weight gain among the non-overweight is compared with that of weight loss among the overweight as strategies for reaching this goal.

    DESIGN 

    Data from the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) and the Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study (NHEFS) were used to estimate 6-year weight change of persons aged 20 to 72 at the Year 2000.

    Men, white women, and black women were examined in addition to the overall population.

    Given a baseline prevalence of 24.7%, overweight in the year 2000 was projected for three simulated interventions : no weight gain among non-overweight persons (prevention-only), weight loss among overweight persons (weight-loss-only), and prevention-plus-weight-loss.

    In addition, the Year 2000 overweight prevalence was projected under different baseline prevalence scenarios of 26% and 34%. OUTCOME MEASURE : Prevalence of overweight ; overweight determined by body mass index (=27.3 kg/m2 for women and =27.8 kg/m2 for men).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Prévention, Prévalence, Poids corporel, Perte poids, Objectif, Simulation, Perspective, Homme, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Prevention, Prevalence, Body weight, Weight loss, Objective, Simulation, Perspective, Human, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0241695

    Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 09/06/1995.