Following an episode of water contamination with sewage in a rural Irish town, a community-wide survey of gastrointestinal-associated illness and health service utilization was conducted.
Random sampling of households yielded residents who were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire.
Of 560 respondents from 167 (84%) households, equal proportions lived in areas known to have been exposed and unexposed to the contaminated water, although 65% of subjects reported using contaminated water.
Sixty-one percent of subjects met the case definition.
The most common symptoms among cases were abdominal cramps (80%), diarhoea (75%), appetite loss (69%), nausea (68%) and tiredness (66%). Mean duration of illness was 7.4 days.
Only 22% of cases attended their general practitioner.
Drinking unboiled water from the exposed area was strongly associated with being a case.
A substantial degree of community illness associated with exposure to contaminated water was observed.
The episode ranks as one of the largest reported water-borne out breaks causing gastrointestinal illness in recent times.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Irlande, Europe, Gastroentérite, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Epidémie, Contamination, Eau potable, Estomac pathologie, Symptomatologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Ireland, Europe, Gastroenteritis, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Epidemic, Contamination, Drinking water, Gastric disease, Symptomatology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0241414
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 09/06/1995.