Lower-extremity function in persons over the age of 70 years as a predictor of subsequent disability.
Functional assessment is an important part of the evaluation of elderly persons.
We conducted this study to determine whether objective measures of physical function can predict subsequent disability in older persons.
This prospective cohort study included men and women 71 years of age or older who were living in the community, who reported no disability in the activities of daily living, and who reported that they were able to walk one-half mile (0.8 km) and climb stairs without assistance.
The subjects completed a short battery of physical-performance tests and participated in a follow-up interview four years later.
The tests included an assessment of standing balance, a timed 8-ft (2.4-m) walk at a normal pace, and a timed test of five repetitions of rising from a chair and sitting down.
Among the 1122 subjects who were not disabled at base line and who participated in the four-year follow-up, lower scores on the base-line performance tests were associated with a statistically significant, graduated increase in the frequency of disability in the activities of daily living and mobility-related disability at follow-up.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exploration clinique, Fonctionnelle, Membre inférieur, Facteur risque, Prédiction, Déficit fonctionnel, Relation associative, Vieillard, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Clinical investigation, Functional, Lower limb, Risk factor, Prediction, Functional deficit, Associative relation, Elderly, Human, Nervous system diseases, Diseases of the osteoarticular system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0228978
Code Inist : 002B15I. Création : 09/06/1995.