Data on cardiovascular risk factors (body mass index, triceps and subscapular skinfolds, blood pressure, serum total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B) were collected as part of the baseline examination (fall 1991) of the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health, a multicenter school-based intervention study for promoting healthful behaviors.
A total of 5,106 third grade children (mean age, 8.76 years) in four states (California, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Texas) were examined.
After excluding 194 children of other or unknown origin, the study population consisted of 3,530 Anglo-American children, 674 African-American children, and 708 Latino children.
African-American children were the tallest by 1-3 cm (p<0.0001), while Latino children had the largest body mass index (p<0.05).
Blood pressure levels were similar for boys and girls and among the three races, but systolic levels were 2 mmHg higher in Texas than at the other sites.
Serum total cholesterol levels were 5 mg/dl higher in girls than in boys (p<0.05), while HDL cholesterol levels were 2 mg/dl higher in boys (p<0.05).
HDL cholesterol levels were highest in African-Americans (55.5 mg/dl) compared with Anglo-Americans (50.7 mg/dl) and Latinos (51.3 mg/dl) (p<0.0001).
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Anthropométrie, Biométrie corporelle, Pression sanguine, Hémodynamique, Lipide, Ethnie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Anthropometry, Corporal biometry, Blood pressure, Hemodynamics, Lipids, Ethnic group, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0223880
Code Inist : 002B12A09. Création : 09/06/1995.