The cardiovascular risk factor profile was assessed in a population sample consisting of 60 nonmenopausal (control) and 100 menopausal women from different cities in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
Each subject was individually interviewed and asked to complete a specially designed questionnaire aimed at identifying cardiovascular risk factors.
A clinical general and gynecological examination including blood pressure and anthropometric measurements as well as a Papanicolaou smear were performed.
The most prevalent risk factor in the menopausal group was low physical activity (87% of the subjects), followed by nervous complaints (67%), obesity (64%), familial antecedents of cardiovascular disease (CVD ; 38%) and hypertension (33%). Other risk factors assessed showed a level of prevalence below 10%. In the control group, a tobacco smoking habit was the CVD risk factor with the highest prevalence (47%). Nervous complaints also showed a high prevalence (48%). Most menopausal patients (77%) had a cardiovascular risk index (RI) level between 1.5 and 4.0, whereas 17% of these subjects had an RI greater than 4.0 (high-risk patients).
The present study reveals that, in the studied community, the menopause is associated with increased levels of both estrogen-dependent and psychosocial risk factors for CVD.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ménopause, Facteur risque, Oestrogène, Exercice physique, Epidémiologie, Argentine, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Menopause, Risk factor, Estrogen, Physical exercise, Epidemiology, Argentina, South America, America, Cardiovascular disease, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0223854
Code Inist : 002B12B06. Création : 09/06/1995.