State laws enacted between 1985 and 1992 were reviewed to examine state involvement in influencing the supply and distribution of generalist physicians.
Forty-seven states enacted 238 relevant laws during this period.
In 1991 and 1992,36 states enacted 98 laws, as compared with 1985 and 1986, when 8 states enacted 12 laws.
Legislation addressed planing and oversight ; financial incentives to institutions, students, and residents ; and strategies to enhance the practice environment.
A new strategy is to link funding to measurable outcomes, such as the career choices of a state medical shool's graduates.
Few states devoted resources to evaluate their efforts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin généraliste, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Démographie, Législation, Système santé, Profession, Soin santé primaire, Répartition géographique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General practitioner, Health staff, Human, Demography, Legislation, Health system, Profession, Primary health care, Geographic distribution, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0222675
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 09/06/1995.