State legislative strategies to improve the supply and distribution of generalist physicians, 1985 to 1992.
State laws enacted between 1985 and 1992 were reviewed to examine state involvement in influencing the supply and distribution of generalist physicians.
Forty-seven states enacted 238 relevant laws during this period.
In 1991 and 1992,36 states enacted 98 laws, as compared with 1985 and 1986, when 8 states enacted 12 laws.
Legislation addressed planing and oversight ; financial incentives to institutions, students, and residents ; and strategies to enhance the practice environment.
A new strategy is to link funding to measurable outcomes, such as the career choices of a state medical shool's graduates.
Few states devoted resources to evaluate their efforts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin généraliste, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Démographie, Législation, Système santé, Profession, Soin santé primaire, Répartition géographique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General practitioner, Health staff, Human, Demography, Legislation, Health system, Profession, Primary health care, Geographic distribution, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0222675
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 09/06/1995.