International conference on biopsychoso cial aspects of HIV & AIDS. Brighton GBR, 1994/07/07.
The object of this study supported by the French Agency for AIDs Research (ANRS) was to assess knowledge and attitudes of pregnant women towards HIV infection and testing, and to compare them according to the outcome of the pregnancy (elective abortion vs delivery).
Between March 22 and April 26,1992, all women ending their pregnancy and attending one of the 72 medical centres located in South-Eastern France were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire (n=4303). 3,854 (89.6%) responded : 2,825 women at delivery (WD) and 764 who chose an elective abortion (WA). 61.7% of WD and 24.1% of WA declared having been tested for HIV during pregnancy (p<0.001).
Among women who reported not having been HIV tested, very few did so because they refused the test (1.7% among WD and 1.4% among WA-NS).
Prior HIV testing was less frequent among WA than among WD (45.8% vs 58.8% - p<0.001). 2.8% of women tested during prenatal care and 20% in the context of abortion did not know the result of their test (p<0,001).
Knowledge about HIV transmission declared by WD did not differ significantly from that declared by WA.
However, risky behaviours were more frequent among WA than among WD (38.9% vs 17.7% - p<0.001).
This research shows that French screening HIV policy in the context of pregnancy remains mainly motivated by foetal concerns.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dépistage, Enquête, France, SIDA, Mère, Gestation, Perception sociale, Attitude, Connaissance, Etude comparative, Avortement provoqué, Femme, Europe, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical screening, Inquiry, France, AIDS, Mother, Pregnancy, Social perception, Attitude, Knowledge, Comparative study, Induced abortion, Woman, Europe, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0220434
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 09/06/1995.