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  1. Fulltext. Variation in the influence of selected sociodemographic risk factors for mental retardation.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study explored the utility of subdividing mental retardation into groups based on the presence of other neurological conditions.

    Methods

    Data were abstracted from birth certificates as part of a case-control study of mental retardation among 10-year-old children.

    The study sample included 458 case children and 563 control children selected from public schools.

    Case children were subdivided on the basis of intelligence quotient (IQ) score and the presence of other neurological conditions.

    Results

    Other neurological conditions were more common with severe mental retardation than with mild mental retardation.

    Regardless of IQ levels or the presence of other neurological conditions, boys were more likely than girls to have mental retardation.

    Older mothers were more likely than younger mothers to have a child with mental retardation accompagnied by another neurological condition.

    High birth order, Black race, and low maternal education were associated with a higher prevalence of isolated metal retardation.

    Conclusions

    These findings suggest that socidemographic risk factors for mental retardation vary according to the presence of other neurological conditions and that subdivisions based on medical or physical criteria may be useful in epidemiologic studies of mental retardation.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Epidémiologie, Statut socioéconomique, Démographie, Facteur risque, Association, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Géorgie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Système nerveux pathologie, Déficience intellectuelle, Atlanta

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Epidemiology, Socioeconomic status, Demography, Risk factor, Association, Child, Human, School age, Georgia, United States, North America, America, Nervous system diseases, Intellectual deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0220399

    Code Inist : 002B18D04A. Création : 09/06/1995.