Exposure of nonsmokers to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is widespread in European counties, the most serious exposures occurring at home and in the workplace.
Epidemiological studies available up to 1986 have been reviewed by several international and national authorities, which agreed in concluding that ETS exposure is causally related to lung cancer.
A number of epidemiological studies have been published since then, and have confirmed this association.
The possibility of positive results due to bias has been envisaged ; it seems, however, that such bias could not explain the whole excess of lung cancer.
Few data are available on confounders, such as diet and previous history of lung disease, that might be responsible for the association ; however, there is no evidence that they play an important role.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epithélioma, Poumon, Tabagisme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Poumon pathologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Lung, Tobacco smoking, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Malignant tumor, Lung disease, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0217098
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 09/06/1995.