An evaluation programme was undertaken 11 years after the introduction of multidrug therapy (MDT) into Bhutan, by examining the case notes of 3239 leprosy patients who had been under treatment at any time during the period.
The registered prevalence was found to have fallen markedly, as expected, and this had been accompanied by a clear fall in the case detection rate as well.
The lepromatous rate among new patients rose considerably, giving epidemiological hope that the disease may be coming under control.
However, no concomitant fall in the proportion of child cases was seen.
The disability rate at detection rose slightly, although numbers were small.
New cases were increasingly likely to have more highly positive skin smears, and to be self-reported.
Programme planners should give thought to the implications of these findings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Lèpre, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Inde, Asie, Homme, Epidémiologie, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Leprosy, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, India, Asia, Human, Epidemiology, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0214618
Code Inist : 002B05B02L1. Création : 09/06/1995.