Inter-individual and seasonal weight variation in rural Nepali women.
Changes in body weight were examined for non-pregnant women in rural Nepal, using 183 anthropometric measures between the early winter and monsoon seasons in 1982,1982-83,1990-91 and 1993.
The women gained weight when work loads decreased after the monsoon, but despite substantial changes in total energy expenditure, which were out of phase with changes in food intake, seasonal changes were small, averaging only up to 2.6% of initial body weight.
There were notable differences between individual women, changes in body weight ranging from 5.6 kg to 4.8 kg.
Weight change was examined with respect to lactation status, age, body mass index, mid upper arm circumference and skinfolds as well as total energy expenditure and intake.
Non-lactating women, very thin women and women aged under 25 years gained more weight than their counterparts, both before and after the monsoon.
Data for a sub-sample in 1982-83 indicated that women who maintained high physical activity levels throughout the year were less prone to weight loss than women whose activity fluctuated between seasons.
Initial energy reserves, age-related maturation factors, levels of physical activity and energy intake combine to produce the notable inter-individual variation in body weight changes observed in this population.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids corporel, Anthropométrie, Biométrie corporelle, Epidémiologie, Femme, Homme, Milieu rural, Népal, Asie, Variation saisonnière, Comparaison interindividuelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Body weight, Anthropometry, Corporal biometry, Epidemiology, Woman, Human, Rural environment, Nepal, Asia, Seasonal variation, Interindividual comparison
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0213423
Code Inist : 002B29A. Création : 09/06/1995.