This paper compares levels and trends of population growth rates, age and sex composition, mortality, and fertility including family planning practices in the world's two most populous countries, China and India.
Both countries are undergoing demographic transition but China is nearer than India to achieving a stationary population.
Fertility in China has declined below replacement level while in India it is nearly one and a half children per woman above replacement level.
Both countries have achieved large reductions in mortality but life expectancy at birth in China is currently about 10 years longer than in India.
Both countries have young populations but China will precede India in the aging of population structure during the 21st century.
Mots-clés Pascal : Evolution démographique, Age, Sexe, Mortalité, Fertilité, Contrôle naissance, Homme, Chine, Asie, Inde
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Demographic evolution, Age, Sex, Mortality, Fertility, Birth control, Human, China, Asia, India
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0213421
Code Inist : 002B29A. Création : 09/06/1995.