The medical hazards of salmon farming can be grouped into those related to marine salety, fish husbandry, fish-farm diving and disease treatments.
The hostile water environment requires thermal protection and personal buoyancy aids as workers frequently fall in the water from boats or cages.
Feedstuffs may generate respirable dust and attract rats, creating a risk of leptospirosis.
Musculo-skeletal injuries are common from lifting nets.
Fish-farm diving has particular risks which can be minimized.
Organophosphorous pesticides are used to treat sea lice and employees require health surveillance.
Fish immunization is required to reduce the incidence of Aeromonas salmoninica.
Needlestick injuries when using oil-based vaccines are a serious hazard to employees.
The occupational health problems of salmon farming are predictable and preventable with primary safety measures.
This new industry is safer than land-based agriculture on current evidence.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pisciculture, Saumon, Industrie, Exposition professionnelle, Accident travail, Etude générale, Homme, Médecine travail, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pisciculture, Salmon, Industry, Occupational exposure, Occupational accident, General study, Human, Occupational medicine, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0212100
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 09/06/1995.