To examine risk factors for driveway-related child pedestrian injuries.
A community based case-control study.
The Auckland region of New Zealand.
Cases (n=53) were children killed or hospitalized as a result of a driveway-related pedestrian injury, in the Auckland region over a period of 2 years and 2 months.
Controls (n=159) were an age-matched random sample of the child population of the Auckland region.
The absence of physical separation of the driveway from the children's play area was associated with a threefold increase in the risk of driveway-related child pedestrian injury (OR=3.50 ; 95% CI 1.38,8.92).
Children living in homes with shared driveways were also at significantly increased risk (OR=3.24 ; 95% CI 1.22,8.63).
The population attributable risk associated with the absence of physical separation of the driveway from the children's play area was 50.0% (95% CI 24.7,75.3).
The fencing of residential driveways as a strategy for the prevention of driveway-related child pedestrian injuries deserves further attention.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Accident corporel, Voie piétonne, Australie, Océanie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Personal injury, Pedestrian walkway, Australia, Oceania
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0210459
Code Inist : 002B16M. Création : 09/06/1995.