Epidemiology and control of infant and early childhood malaria : a competing risks analysis.
Against increasing malaria problems in most tropical countries, very little is known about the socio-epidemiological determinants of this condition.
Using extensive information on a representative sample of 9774 newborns followed for 2 years and multi-state hazards models, this study investigates jointly the determinants of paediatric mortality from malaria and other causes.
Malaria contributes to one out of every 10 infant deaths.
Malarial mortality covaries with dwelling conditions, antenatal care attendance, parity, infant feeding practices, intercurrent infections, and child's immunization status.
Lack of antenatal care, lack of immunization in childhood and sub-standard living conditions of overcrowding are the malor risk factors of malarial and non-malarial mortalities, even after correcting for unobserved heterogeneity.
These findings suggest that the impact of malaria on infant and early childhood health and survival might be much more important than usually thought.
Antenatal care attendance, improved housing conditions and childhood immunization practices are potentially cost-effective strategies for malaria control.
The competing risks analysis formulated here is offered as a suitable means of analysing cause-specific mortality differentials.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Nourrisson, Homme, Nouveau né, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Morbidité, Facteur risque, Analyse risque, Cameroun, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Infant, Human, Newborn, Epidemiology, Mortality, Morbidity, Risk factor, Risk analysis, Cameroon, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0209629
Code Inist : 002B05E02B4. Création : 09/06/1995.