Nutritional change and economic crisis in an urban Congolese community.
In 1986, the government of Gongo undertook a structural adjustment programme to cope with the economic crisis.
We present the results of a study whose objectives were to assess the evolution of nutritional status of an urban community between 1986 and 1991 and to identify specific groups for which the nutritional status may have worsened.
Two cross-sectional surveys were carried out on representative samples of Brazzaville children<6 years old : 2295 children were surveyed in 1986 and 2373 in 1991.
Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status was performed.
For children, weight-for-height and height-for-age indices were used according to WHO recommendations.
Wasting and stunting were respectively defined as indices under - 2 z-scores.
Body mass index of mothers was calculated and risk of chronic energy deficiency (GED) was defined as<18.5 KG/M2.
Socioeconomic data relative to the households were also collected.
Multivariate statistical methods were used to obtain adjusted estimates of nutritional changes in the community.
Data analysis led to several converging results : increase in the percentage of low birthweight (10.2% in 1985 versus 18.7% in 1990), increase in the percentage of GED (from 7.9% to 10.5%), and increase in the prevalence of wasting (from 2.9% to 4.2%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat nutritionnel, Anthropométrie, Biométrie corporelle, Enfant, Homme, Poids naissance, Epidémiologie, Mère, Crise économique, Congo Brazzaville, Afrique, Milieu urbain, Etude transversale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nutritional status, Anthropometry, Corporal biometry, Child, Human, Birth weight, Epidemiology, Mother, Economic crisis, Congo, Africa, Urban environment, Cross sectional study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0209627
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 09/06/1995.