Cancer incidence rates have been reported to be increasing in the United States, although trends vary according to form of cancer.
We identify the cancers accounting for the rising incidence, quantify the changes that have occurred from the mid-1970s to the early 1990s, and contrast incidence and mortality trends to provide clues to the determinants of the temporal patterns.
Sex-race-and age-specific and age-adjusted incidence rates for the 5-year periods 1987-1991 versus 1975-1979 were calculated for 28 cancers among men and 30 cancers among women using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program of cancer registration covering about 10% of the U.S. population.
Similar rates were computed using national mortality data.
Cancers were ranked according to the change in incidence rates over the two periods.
Age-adjusted incidence rates for all cancers combined increased by 18.6% among males and 12.4% among females from 1975-1979 to 1987-1991, due largely to rising rates for prostate cancer among men and for breast and lung cancers among women.
National mortality rates for all cancers combined rose less steeply, 3% and 6% among men and women, respectively, driven mostly by continuing increases in lung cancer mortality, while death rates for the majority of the cancers were steady or declining.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Hémopathie maligne, Homme, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Mortalité, Analyse tendance, Age, Sexe, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Malignant hemopathy, Human, Epidemiology, Incidence, Mortality, Trend analysis, Age, Sex, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0209131
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 09/06/1995.