Alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality.
Prospective studies of alcohol and mortality in middle-aged men almost universally find a U-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and risk of mortality.
This review demonstrates the extent to which different studies lead to different risk estimates, analyses the putative influence of abstention as a risk factor and uses available data to produce point and interval estimates of the consumption level apparently associated with minimum risk from two studies in the UK.
Data from a number of studies are analysed by means of logistic-linear modelling, taking account of the possible influence of abstention as a special risk factor.
Separate analysis of British data is performed.
Logistic-linear modelling demonstrates large and highly significant differences between the studies considered in the relationship between alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality.
The results support the identification of abstention as a special risk factor for mortality, but do not indicate that this alone explains the apparent U-shaped relationship.
Separate analysis at two British studies indicates minimum risk of mortality in this population at a consumption level of about 26 (8.5 g) units of alcohol per week.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Ethanol, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Homme, Prospective, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Ethanol, Epidemiology, Mortality, Human, Prospective, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0208864
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 09/06/1995.