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  1. Time trends in cause-specific mortality in Estonia from 1965 to 1989.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    During the last 30 years, in most developed countries, life expectancy has increased considerably.

    In Estonia, over the past half century, health and social policy was dictated by the Soviet socioeconomic system.

    In order to evaluate the consequences to health and to evaluate trends in health, cause-specific mortality was studied in Estonia.

    Methods

    The study was based on national death records from 1965 to 1989.

    Mortality rates were computed for all causes of death combined and for 16 cause groups.

    Age-standardization (European population) was performed using 5-year age groups.

    Results

    From 1965-1969 to 1985-1989, the age-standardized mortality rate for all causes combined increased by 4.0% for males and decreased by 1.5% for females.

    The greatest increase was obsesved for ages 45-54 among males (26.3%) and for ages 55-64 among females (7.0%). Very high death rates from circulatory diseases and high mortality from injuries and poisoning are of specific concern, particularly for males.

    Mortality from circulatory diseases continues to rise for ages 45-74 among males and for ages 55-64 among females.

    Mortality rates for neoplasms and endocrine disorders are also increasing ; however, the mortality rates from respiratory and infectious diseases have shown a substantial decrease.

    Conclusions

    Chronic diseases, together with injuries and poisoning, remain a serious public health problem in Estonia.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Estonie, Evolution, Statistique sanitaire, Homme, Age, Sexe, Cause, Europe Est, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Epidemiology, Estonia, Evolution, Sanitary statistics, Human, Age, Sex, Cause, Eastern Europe, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0208830

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 09/06/1995.