To increase the rate of bystander CPR in a community by use of a free, mailed, 10-minute videotape of CPR instruction.
Prospective, randomized intervention trial.
One half of the households (8,659) received the free videotape (videotape group) and were considered the intervention group, and one half (8,659) served as the control (no-videotape group).
All households were followed from December 1991 to March 1993 to determine whether a cardiac arrest occurred and who initiated CPR.
A telephone interview obtained additional information about circumstances of the arrest and whether members of the household viewed the videotape.
City of Everett and South Snohomish County, Washington.
A commercial mailing list was used to identify 17,318 households with a head of the household who was more than 50 years old.
A case was defined as a cardiac arrest in which CPR was initiated or continued by emergency medical services personnel.
Only cardiac arrests due to presumed underlying heart disease were included.
Arrests occurring after arrival of emergency medical services personnel were not included.
The intervention was a free 10-minute videotape with CPR instructions mailed to the 8,659 intervention households.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enseignement, Réanimation, Secours première urgence, Enregistrement vidéo, Ménagère, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Teaching, Resuscitation, First emergency care, Video recording, Householder, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0208442
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 09/06/1995.