In the Russian Federation today the high incidence of alcoholism and drunkenness helps to account for rising death rates, more particularly among the male population.
During the mid-1980s a significant reduction in deaths from alcohol related diseases was achieved by state action in curtailing the supply of alcohol.
However, official data disclose a pattern of sharply increased consumption per head since 1987, with high proof drinks-especially vodka-now forming a larger share in the total.
In current economic conditions the effects of a traditional macho drinking culture are exacerbated by a reduction of state control over the quality of alcohol available for purchase.
A substantial increase has occurred in deaths from most principal causes, with a disproportionate increase in deaths from non-natural causes, including deaths caused predominantly by alcohol.
Average expectation of life at birth has fallen especially sharply for men ; by 1993 it had slumped to 59.0 years-that is, to below the age at which a pension starts to be paid.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Russie, Eurasie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Mortality, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Russia, Eurasia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0207845
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 09/06/1995.