Alcoholism and rising mortality in the Russian Federation.
In the Russian Federation today the high incidence of alcoholism and drunkenness helps to account for rising death rates, more particularly among the male population.
During the mid-1980s a significant reduction in deaths from alcohol related diseases was achieved by state action in curtailing the supply of alcohol.
However, official data disclose a pattern of sharply increased consumption per head since 1987, with high proof drinks-especially vodka-now forming a larger share in the total.
In current economic conditions the effects of a traditional macho drinking culture are exacerbated by a reduction of state control over the quality of alcohol available for purchase.
A substantial increase has occurred in deaths from most principal causes, with a disproportionate increase in deaths from non-natural causes, including deaths caused predominantly by alcohol.
Average expectation of life at birth has fallen especially sharply for men ; by 1993 it had slumped to 59.0 years-that is, to below the age at which a pension starts to be paid.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Russie, Eurasie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Mortality, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Russia, Eurasia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0207845
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 09/06/1995.