Secretory otitis media (SOM) is primarily a disease of children which can have deleterious effect on their medical, social, educational and psychological welfare.
It is well known that SOM is a common disease, but exact figures about its prevalence and incidence are scarce and fragmentary.
In this community study, we determined the point prevalence of type B tympanogram as an indication to the prevalance of SOM.
The study population consisted of a random sample of 4214 children aged 1-8 years.
The point prevalance rates of unilateral and bilateral type B tympanogram among the children were 5.7% and 8.1%, respectively.
The point prevalance rate per ears (a total of 8428) was 10.9%. The prevalence was found to be related to the age, the season and to the occurrance of the ear and upper respiratory tract infections.
No correlation was found in relation to sex, allergy or the socioeconomic condition.
The findings are discussed in the light of studies conducted elsewhere.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Manométrie, Tympanométrie, Otite moyenne séreuse, Exploration, Enfant, Prévalence, Etiologie, Arabie Saoudite, ORL pathologie, Oreille moyenne pathologie, Homme, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Manometry, Tympanometry, Secretory otitis media, Exploration, Child, Prevalence, Etiology, Saudi Arabia, ENT disease, Middle ear disease, Human, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0203915
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 09/06/1995.