Cloth diapers with front closure and all-in-one design were compared with paper diapers containing absorbent gel material for their influence on fecal contamination of the environment in licensed child day cara centers.
One infant room and two toddler rooms in each of four day care centers were monitored for the presence of fecal bacteria.
Microbial samples were taken from the play/sleep area, the diaper-changing area, and the hands of the caregivers and the children.
Sampling was done twice weekly for two 4-week periods.
Each center used either cloth or paper diapers during the first periods, changing to the other diaper type during the second period.
A total of 1722 samples were cultured, 881 during the first 4 weeks and 841 during the second 4 weeks.
The frequency of isolation of fecal organisms ranged from a low of 12% of the total bacteria isolates at a center using cloth diapers, to highs of 46% and 45%, respectively, at a center using first paper and then cloth diapers.
Sink faucets and the hands of the caregivers and the children were often contaminated.
Analysis of the results of comparisons between cloth and paper diapers showed no significant difference in the frequency (F=380, P<. 535) or the intensity of fecal contamination in child day care centers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hygiène, Contamination, Fèces, Garderie enfant, Papier, Tissu, Etude comparative, Enfant, Tennessee, Couche culotte, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hygiene, Contamination, Feces, Day care center, Paper, Tissue, Comparative study, Child, Tennessee, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0202089
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 09/06/1995.