Capture-recapture methods were used to estimate the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome among Alaska Natives born during the period 1982-1989.
Potential cases were identified through an Indian Health Service (IHS) patient case file, a pediatric practice case file, and Medicaid claims from private physicians.
A total of 74 Alaska Native children aged 3-10 years were identified with a notation of fetal alcohol syndrome by a physician in a medical record.
Because not all of these cases had supporting documentation regarding the syndrome, they were classified as possible cases.
Of these possible cases, 50 met all five criteria for chart verification of the syndrome : physician notation of fetal alcohol syndrome, growth deficiency, facial features of the syndrome, central nervous system impairment, and a maternal history of alcohol abuse.
These data provided observed prevalence rates of chart-verified fetal alcohol syndrome of 3.1 per 1,000 live births for children born 1982-1985 (age 7-10 years), and 2.0 per 1,000 live births for children born 19861989 (age 3-6 years).
Capture-recapture analyses were conducted using cases identified by IHS and private physicians.
These analyses estimated a prevalence of the syndrome of 3.8 per 1,000 live births for children born 1982-1985, and 3.1 per 1,000 live births for children born 1986-1989.
Mots-clés Pascal : Syndrome alcoolique foetal, Ethanol, Surveillance sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Méthode étude, Alaska, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Nouveau né, Homme, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fetal alcohol syndrome, Ethanol, Sanitary surveillance, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Investigation method, Alaska, United States, North America, America, Newborn, Human, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0199668
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 09/06/1995.