Conceptual basis of outcome measures.
Because of its treatment configuration and the assumption of long-term benefit, rehabilitation has had a continuing interest in the measurement of outcomes.
The utility of outcome indicators rests on their conceptual foundations, the technical development of measures and validation research.
Some measures, particularly of functional status, have become increasingly sophisticated with the application of psychometric and statistical analysis techniques.
Less effort has been devoted to an elaboration of their theoretical basis.
A first step is an examination of the assumptions underlying outcome measures, the purpose of this article.
Central to an understanding is clarification of definitions of key terms such as outcomes, independence, impairment, disability and handicap.
All outcome measures must be seen as part of a social context of norms and expectations.
However, most norms in rehabilitation are implied rather than explicit.
The assumptions behind several common outcomes are examined with suggestions for ways to increase their utility.
The ability of rehabilitation to complete in the current climate, stressing cost-effectiveness, will depend heavily on the robustness of outcome measures.
Mots-clés Pascal : Méthodologie, Evaluation, Méthode mesure, Réhabilitation, Pronostic, Classification
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Methodology, Evaluation, Measurement method, Rehabilitation, Prognosis, Classification
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0197369
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 09/06/1995.