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  1. Measuring and improving physician compliance with clinical practice guidelines : a controlled interventional trial.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine factors that may lead physicians not to comply with clinical practice guidelines.

    Design 

    Retrospective analysis of patients whose physicians were not compliant with discharge recommendations from a prospective, controlled interventional trial of a guideline to reduce hospital length of stay for patients admitted for chest pain.

    Setting 

    A large community teaching hospital.

    Participants 

    Patients admitted with chest pain who were not discharged according to a practice guideline.

    Results 

    79 (34%) of 230 patients with chest pain classified as being at low risk by concurrent or retrospective review were no discharged by day 3. Of these 79 patients, 33 (42%) were misclassified at concurrent review (10 were falsely classified as being at high risk and 23 were falsely classified as being at low risk).

    Of 46 correctly classified patients, 11 (14%) were classified as having noncompliant physicians because of health care system inefficiencies.

    The status of 7 (9%) patients was changed to high risk between initial classification and potential discharge.

    For 15 patients (19%) no obvious reason for delayed discharge was found, but they had a higher severity of illness than did low-risk patients discharged according to the guideline as measured by mean time-insensitive predictive instrument scores (41.3% ±[SD] 14.1% compared with 31.5% ±14.3% ; P=0.017) In 13 patients (16%) physicians refused to follow the guideline recommendations.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin, Pratique professionnelle, Obéissance, Instruction, Hospitalisation, Ethique, Economie santé, Evaluation, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physician, Professional practice, Obedience, Instruction, Hospitalization, Ethics, Health economy, Evaluation, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0192568

    Code Inist : 002B30A04B. Création : 09/06/1995.