Medical school applications from ethnic minority groups : identifying if and when they are disadvantaged.
To assess whether people from ethnic minority groups are less likely to be accepted at British medical schools, and to explore the mechanisms of disadvantage.
Design-Prospective study of a national cohort of medical school applicants.
Setting-All 28 medical schools in the United Kingdom.
Subjects-6901 subjects who had applied through the Universities'Central Council on Admissions in 1990 to study medicine.
Main outcome measures-Offers and acceptance at medical school by ethnic group.
Applicants from ethnic minority groups constituted 26.3% of those applying to medical school.
They were less likely to be accepted, partly because they were less well qualified and applied later.
Nevertheless, taking educational and some other predictors into account, applicants from ethnic minority groups were 1.46 ires (95% confidence interval 1.19 to 1.74) less likely to be accepted.
Having a European surname predicted acceptance better than ethnic origin itself, implying direct discrimination rather than disadvantage secondary to other possible differences between white and non-white applicants.
Applicants from ethnic minority groups fared significantly less well in 12 of the 28 British medical schools.
Analysis of the selection process suggests that medical schools make fewer offers to such applicants than to others with equivalent estimated A level grades.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etudiant, Médecine, Homme, Ethnie, Angleterre, Etude comparative, Enseignement universitaire, Discrimination, Accessibilité, Sélection, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Student, Medicine, Human, Ethnic group, England, Comparative study, Higher education, Discrimination, Accessibility, Selection, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0191672
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 09/06/1995.