Sexual health education interventions for young people : a methodological review.
Objectives-To locate reports of sexual health education interventions for young people, assess the methodological quality of evaluations, identify the subgroup with a methodologically sound design, and assess the evidence with respect to the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health.
Design-Survey of reports in English by means of electronic databases and hand searches for relevant studies conducted in the developed world since 1982.
Papers were reviewed for eight methodological qualities.
The evidence on effectiveness generated by studies meeting four core criteria was assessed.
Judgments on effectiveness by reviewers and authors were compared.
Patientss-270 papers reporting sexual health interventions.
Main outcome measure-The methodological quality of evaluations.
73 reports of evaluations of sexual health interventions examining the effectiveness of these interventions in changing knowledge, attitudes, or behavioural outcomes were identified, of which 65 were separate outcome evaluations.
Ofthese studies, 45 (69%) lacked random control groups, 44 (68%) failed to present preintervention and 38 (59%) postintervention data, and 26 (40%) omitted to discuss the relevance of loss of data caused by drop outs.
Only 12 (18%) of the 65 outcome evaluations were judged to be methodologically sound.
Academic reviewers were more likely than authors to judge studies as unclear because of design faults.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Education, Evaluation, Qualité, Méthode, Royaume Uni, Education sexuelle, Homme, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Education, Evaluation, Quality, Method, United Kingdom, Human, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0191310
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 09/06/1995.