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  1. Alcohol intake and subsequent mortality : findings from the NHANES I follow-up study.

    Article - En anglais


    Because past research has focused primarily on populations of middle-aged men, the relationship between alcohol and morality among women and the elderly has been less well substantiated.


    We examined the relationship between alcohol intake and morality using data from the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study.

    Total morality was examined for both sexes (N=4,614 women, 3,573 men), but ischemic hear disease (IHD) morality was examined only for men because the number of deaths was too small in women.

    Proportional hazards modeling was used to adjust for the baseline characteristics of age, race, education, body weight, smoking and physical activity.


    For men aged 40 to 64, the adjusted relative risks (RR) of death for drinking levels of. 5 drinks/day, 5 to<2 and =2 (compared to the nondrinking reference group) were 0.8 (95% Confidence Interval : 0.6,1.1), 0.9 (CI : 0.6,1.2) and 1.2 (CI : 0.9,1.6) ; RRs of IHD morality were 0.6 (CI : 0.4,0.9), 0.5 (CI : 0.3,0.9) and 0.7 (CI : 0.5,1.2).

    For women aged 40 to 64, the RRs for death for the same exposure categories were 1.2 (CI : 0.9,1.6), 0.9 (CI : 0.6,1.4) and 1.9 (CI : 1.2,3.0).

    Among both sexes 65 years and older, consumption of<2 drinks/day was associated with about a 20% decrease in total morality and IHD morality (men only).

    However, this protective effect disappeared after exclusion of those with pre-existing disease.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Démographie, Age, Sexe, Etude longitudinale, Cardiopathie, Ischémie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Risk factor, Mortality, Inquiry, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Demography, Age, Sex, Follow up study, Heart disease, Ischemia, Cardiovascular disease, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0182788

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 09/06/1995.