Epidemics of cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae 01 occur regularly in India.
Until recently, Vibrio cholerae non-01 have been the the causative agents of sporadic cases of gastroenteritis and septicaemia, especially in immunocompromised children.
We describe a large outbreak of cholera-like illness from North India caused by Vibrio cholerae non-01, later serotyped as Vibrio cholerae 0139.
Forty-one of a total of 391 patients with acute diarrhoea during a 2-month period (May-July 1993) were identified as having Vibrio cholerae in faecal samples.
All patients were aged 1.5-12 years.
Vibrio cholerae 0139 was isolated in 30 patients (73% - group I) and Vibrio cholerae 01 biotype eltor in 11 patients (27% - group II).
The clinical presentation and severity of the cholera-like illness were similar to typical cholera.
This strain is toxigenic with an epidemic potential and should be monitored carefully.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Aigu, Enfant, Homme, Gastroentérite, Bactériose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Endémie, Inde, Asie, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Bactérie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Estomac pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Acute, Child, Human, Gastroenteritis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Epidemiology, Endemy, India, Asia, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Bacteria, Digestive diseases, Gastric disease, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0181382
Code Inist : 002B05B02L4. Création : 09/06/1995.