A 5-year territory-wide retrospective survey of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b diseases was conducted in Hong Kong.
Between 1986 and 1990,57 cases (28 male) were recorded in children less than 12 years old (37 cases of meningitis, 9 of septicaemia and 11 of bacteraemic pneumonia).
The annual incidence for children less than 5 years old was 2.7 per 105 (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.0-3.5).
Of the 57 cases, 39 were Chinese and 18 non-Chinese (7 Vietnamese refugees, 6 Caucasians, 5 others).
The annual incidence in Vietnamese refugees less than 5 years old was 42.7 per 105 (95% CI 17.2-87.9), giving a relative risk of 18.5 (95% CI 8.3-41.0).
Chinese patients (68%) were under-represented as Chinese accounted for at least 94% of the population.
Moreover, 14 of the 39 Chinese patients had pre-existing medical problems, compared with only 1 of the 18 non-Chinese patients (p=0.022).
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Hong Kong, Asie, Méningite, Septicémie, Pneumonie, Haemophilus influenzae, Pasteurellaceae, Bactérie, Enfant, Homme, Bactériose, Infection, Ethnie, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Hong Kong, Asia, Meningitis, Septicemia, Pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae, Pasteurellaceae, Bacteria, Child, Human, Bacteriosis, Infection, Ethnic group, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Respiratory disease, Lung disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0181375
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 09/06/1995.