Effects of differences in dietary fat on growth, energy and nutrient intake from infancy to eight years of age.
We report the results of food energy and nutrient intake, and somatic growth measured at intervals throughout infancy to 8 years of age in children from the Adelaide nutrition study cohort.
At each age the sample was divided into three groups according to the percentage energy as fat :<30%, 3O-34.9% and>34,9%. There were no clinically significant differences in height, weight or skinfold thickness according to the proportions of fat in the diet, although the high fat intake group had a higher food energy intake at 2,4 and 8 years of age.
The low fat group had a greater proportion of energy as sugar at 4,6 and 8 years of age, and as starch at 4 and 6 years.
At some ages there were differences in calcium, iron, thiamine and vitamin C intakes.
There were minor differences in nutrient intake in children at 8 and 15 years of age according to their fat intake at 1 and 2 years.
Boys in the lower fat intake group at 2 years of age were slightly shorter and lighter at 15 years of age than those who had been in higher fat intake groups.
We conclude that the contemporary shift to a lower fat diet in early childhood is unlikely to have deleterious effects on growth and nutrient intake if eaten in the context of a family eating pattern, which meets current guidelines.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude cohorte, Australie, Océanie, Enfant, Homme, Nourrisson, Apport énergie, Alimentation, Matière grasse, Nutriment, Morphométrie, Biométrie corporelle, Développement staturopondéral, Nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cohort study, Australia, Oceania, Child, Human, Infant, Energy input, Feeding, Fat, Nutrient, Morphometry, Corporal biometry, Somatic growth, Nutrition
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0181370
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 09/06/1995.