We report the results of food energy and nutrient intake, and somatic growth measured at intervals throughout infancy to 8 years of age in children from the Adelaide nutrition study cohort.
At each age the sample was divided into three groups according to the percentage energy as fat :<30%, 3O-34.9% and>34,9%. There were no clinically significant differences in height, weight or skinfold thickness according to the proportions of fat in the diet, although the high fat intake group had a higher food energy intake at 2,4 and 8 years of age.
The low fat group had a greater proportion of energy as sugar at 4,6 and 8 years of age, and as starch at 4 and 6 years.
At some ages there were differences in calcium, iron, thiamine and vitamin C intakes.
There were minor differences in nutrient intake in children at 8 and 15 years of age according to their fat intake at 1 and 2 years.
Boys in the lower fat intake group at 2 years of age were slightly shorter and lighter at 15 years of age than those who had been in higher fat intake groups.
We conclude that the contemporary shift to a lower fat diet in early childhood is unlikely to have deleterious effects on growth and nutrient intake if eaten in the context of a family eating pattern, which meets current guidelines.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude cohorte, Australie, Océanie, Enfant, Homme, Nourrisson, Apport énergie, Alimentation, Matière grasse, Nutriment, Morphométrie, Biométrie corporelle, Développement staturopondéral, Nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cohort study, Australia, Oceania, Child, Human, Infant, Energy input, Feeding, Fat, Nutrient, Morphometry, Corporal biometry, Somatic growth, Nutrition
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0181370
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 09/06/1995.