Anecdotal reports have suggested that reduced efficacy of pediculicides against Pediculus humanus capitis could be related to resistance to treatments.
Ovicidal and pediculicidal activities of 0.5% malathion and 0.3% d-phenothrin lotions were tested in an experimental model of P humanus capitis grown on rabbits to ensure that the two treatments were pharmacologically equipotent.
We then did a randomised controlled trial in which the lotions were administered to 193 P humanus capitis-infested schoolchildren (malathion, 95 ; (phenothrin, 98).
Success rate was defined as the absence of both live lice and viable nits.
Before treatment, live lice were collected and subjected to a pediculicidal test.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Parasitose, Traitement, Enfant, Homme, Etude comparative, Chimiothérapie, Antiparasitaire, Pediculus humanus capitis, Pediculidae, Anoplura, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Malathion, Lotion, d-phenothrin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Parasitosis, Treatment, Child, Human, Comparative study, Chemotherapy, Parasiticid, Pediculus humanus capitis, Pediculidae, Anoplura, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Malathion, Lotion
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0176796
Code Inist : 002B02S06. Création : 09/06/1995.