With the publication in 1992 of the PHS recommendation on the consumption of 0.4 mg of folic acid to prevent NTDs, we have the opportunity to promote the primary prevention of spina bifida and anencephaly.
We must educate women of reproductive age about the importance of consuming 0.4 mg of folic acid each day and must inform those women who have had a previous NTD-affected pregnancy about the importance of consuming 4.0 mg of folic acid each day.
No single public health approach will make adequate amounts of folic acid available to all women of reproductive age.
Results of a recently published study (15) showed that 67% of women at their first antenatal visit were not aware of a Department of Health recommendation for increased periconceptional folic acid consumption.
The study also reported that the two most important sources of health-related information for these women were the family physician and the media.
Public health promotion of all of the approaches to increasing the consumption of folic acid will be necessary if we are to have an effective national NTD prevention program.
We must now implement an organized public health effort to educate health professionals, community health leaders, and the public so that all women of reproductive age will get the message-consuming 0.4 mg of folic acid each day will effectively prevent many NTDs from occurring in the future.
Mots-clés Pascal : Spina bifida, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Anencéphalie, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie congénitale, Malformation, Prévention, Nutrition, Folique acide, Vitamine, Gestation, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Spina bifida, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Anencephaly, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Congenital disease, Malformation, Prevention, Nutrition, Folic acid, Vitamin, Pregnancy, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0176451
Code Inist : 002B17D. Création : 09/06/1995.