To determine prevalence of HIV infection and drug injecting behaviour among inmates of Glenochil Prison on a specified date a year after an outbreak of hepatitis B and HIV infection.
Voluntary, anonymous HIV salivary antibody surveillance and linked self completion questionnaire on risk factors.
Setting-Glenochil prison, Scotland, a year after an outbreak of hepatitis B and HIV transmission related to drug iniection.
Subjects-352 prisoners, of whom 295 (84%) took part ; 284 questionnaires (96%) passed logical checks.
Main outcome measures-HIV prevalence ; proportion of all inmates who had ever injected drugs, had ever injected inside prison, had started injecting drugs while inside prison.
More than half (150/284) the current inmates were also in Glenochil Prison during the critical period of January to June 1993, when hepatitis B and HIV were transmitted.
Similar proportions of current inmates and men who were also in Glenochil during the critical period were drng users (27% (75/278) upsilon 30O% (44/149)). A quarter of injecting drug users (18/72) had first injected inside prison, irrespective of whether they were in Glenochil in January to June 1993 and regardless of the calendar period when they first injected.
Significantly more inmates from Glasgow (41% ; 56/138) than from Edinburgh (21% ; 7/34) or elsewhere (11% ; 12/106) were injecting drug users.
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel, Homme, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Transmission, Immunodéficit, Immunopathologie, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Voie intraveineuse, Toxicomanie, Prison, Gardien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Personnel, Human, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Transmission, Immune deficiency, Immunopathology, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Intravenous administration, Drug addiction
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0175968
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 09/06/1995.