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  1. Trends in antimicrobial drug prescribing among office-based physicians in the United States.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To assess changes in oral antimicrobial drug prescribing by office-based physicians from 1980 through 1992, with emphasis on the treatment of otitis media and sinusitis and on the possible impact of demographic variables on such use.

    Design

    - The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey is a sample survey of office-based physicians in the United States conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Setting

    - Physicians'offices.

    Patients or Other Participants

    - Physicians sampled for the 1980,1985,1989, and 1992 National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys, which included groups of 2959,5032,2540, and 3000 physicians, respectively.

    Sample physicians responding in 1980,1985,1989, and 1992 reported data for 46 081,71 594,38 384, and 34 606 sample office visits, respectively, including information on antimicrobial drug prescribing.

    Main Outcome Measure

    - Trends in the antimicrobial drug prescription rates.

    Results

    - From 1980 through 1992, increasing prescribing measured by the annual drug prescription rate per 1000 population, was found for the more expensive, broad-spectrum antimicrobial drugs, such as the cephalosporins ; decreasing rates were observed for less expensive antimicrobial drugs with a narrower spectrum, such as the penicillins.

    No trend was found for trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, the erythromycins, or the tetracyclines.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Bactériose, Traitement, Homme, Chimiothérapie, Antibiotique, Sensibilité résistance, Coût, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Bacteriosis, Treatment, Human, Chemotherapy, Antibiotic, Sensitivity resistance, Costs, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0175538

    Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 09/06/1995.