WHO says it has three main functions :
to set normative standards ;
to provide technical advice and assistance on medical matters ;
and to advocate changes in health policy.
During its 46 year history the first two functions have been a constant and uncontroversial backbone through which WHO has earned its reputation for scientific excellence.
The third function, advocacy, came to the fore with the launch of Health for All in 1977, after which WHO took a key role in influencing international health policy.
WHO's friends and critics alike now say that the organisation is losing its influence and retreating into its technical and biomedical shell.
This article maps the changes in WHO's approach over the past 46 years and considers whether fears about its loss of influence are justified.
Mots-clés Pascal : OMS, Histoire, Article synthèse, Politique sanitaire, Homme, Rôle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : WHO, History, Review, Health policy, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0170967
Code Inist : 002B30A06E. Création : 09/06/1995.