A telephone survey of knowledge, attitude, and health practices regarding cancer was undertaken in wards 7 and 8, Washington, DC in 1988.
These wards have the highest cancer rates in the city and are predominantly African American.
Of the 670 randomly selected persons over 18 years of age, 243 were males and 427 were females.
Among females, 84% believed cigarette smoking causes cancer, and 48% thought alcohol causes cancer ; 31% smoked cigarettes and 38% consumed alcoholic beverages.
Among males, 91% and 52% thought cigarettes and alcohol causes cancer respectively ; 41% smoked and 54% consumed alcoholic beverages.
Only 6% of the males over age 40 practiced all eight recommended cancer prevention behaviors, while 2% of the females over age 40 practiced all preventive health behaviors.
Cancer preventive behavior was examined in relation to socioeconomic status.
This study indicates that preventive health behaviors were not associated with socioeconomic status.
Data suggest that cancer prevention and control programs and services targeted to this Washington, DC population should be increased and intensified.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation santé, Tumeur maligne, Epidémiologie, Prévention, Homme, Comportement individuel, Tumeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public health organization, Malignant tumor, Epidemiology, Prevention, Human, Individual behavior, Tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0170067
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 09/06/1995.