We conducted a population survey of cardiovascular risk factors in Kin-Chen, Kinmen (Quemoy), an island under military control for 40 years and the focal point of confrontation between mainland China and Taiwan.
During the period 1992-1994, all residents =30 years of age in Kin-Chen, the largest township in Kinmen, were invited to participate.
The response rate was 60.3% (3826/6346).
The prevalence of hypertension (=160/95 mmHg and/or under treatment) was 25.2% in men and 17.6% in women.
The rate for smoking was 41.5% in men and 2.9% in women.
The prevalence of diabetes was 6.7% in men and 6.4% in women.
Mean values for systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were 135.3 mmHg, 85.5 mmHg, 5.3 mmol/l, 1.1 mmol/l, 3.5 mmol/l and 1.4 mmol/l in men ; and 128.0 mmHg, 79.5 mmHg, 5.2 mmol/l, 1.0 mmol/l, 3.3 mmol/l and 1.5 mmol/l in women, respectively.
The unexpectedly high prevalence of hypertension in Kin-Chen males may reflect the effect of more than 40 years of military control and discipline.
The high serum cholesterol level in Kin-Chen relative to mainland China and the low triglyceride level relative to Taiwan and Beijing, suggest further study of the contributions of diet and other psychosocial or environmental factors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Hypertension artérielle, Age, Sexe, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Taiwan, Asie, Chine, Etude statistique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Kinmen
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Hypertension, Age, Sex, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Taiwan, Asia, China, Statistical study, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0169108
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 09/06/1995.