In France, clinical biochemistry, similar to other disciplines of laboratory medicine, is taught in both the regular medical and pharmacy curricula, but medical teaching is oriented more towards the interpretation of laboratory findings than test performance.
At present, there is no compulsory program of lifelong continuing education, but it is planned to introduce such an obligation in the near future.
The practice of laboratory medicine is regulated strictly by the national Health Administration.
Clinical laboratories are multidisciplinary, covering simultaneously clinical biochemistry, microbiology, parasitology, hematology and immunology.
The only officially recognized laboratory profession is that of « Director of a Laboratory for Medical Analysis ».
The practice of this profession is only open to physicians and pharmacists, provided they graduated in « Medical Biology » after 4 years of specialized training through a particular type of residency called the « internat ».
The « interns » are selected by competitive examination.
After completing their curriculum, specialized physicians or pharmacists can without further examination or certification either enter a career in a hospital, a university, or both, or direct or co-direct a private laboratory.
In this scheme, clinical biochemistry exists as a separate academic discipline, but barely as a distinct profession.
Mots-clés Pascal : Biologie clinique, France, Formation permanente, Programme enseignement, Internat, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Clinical biology, France, Continuing education, Educational program, Boarding school, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0163439
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 09/06/1995.