In this study 500 full term breast fed and 500 full term top fed babies were divided into 2 groups of weight>2.5 kg and ¾2.5 kg each, and were followed up for the mortality pattern.
Eight hundred of these completed the full follow up period of 6 months.
Neonatal mortality in term babies in the present study was 40 per thousand and mortality during 1-6 months period was 55 per thousand.
Early neonatal mortality in breast fed>2.5 kg was 0.55% against 7.8% in ¾2.5 kg breast fed babies.
The corresponding figures in artificially fed was 1.17% and 9.37% respectively.
Late neonatal mortality in breast fed>2.5 kg was 0 and in ¾2.5 kg was 2.14%. These values in artificially fed were 0 and 3.12%, respectively.
Mortality in 1-6 months period in breast fed>2.5 kg was 0.64% and in ¾2.5 kg was 15.5% ; and in artificially fed 1.66% and 23% respectively.
Thus LBW babies whether breast fed or artificially fed had higher mortality and artificially fed had overall higher mortality in comparison to breast fed it is concluded that attention should be directed toward promotion of breast feeding and on prevention of low birth weight for increasing mortality in early infancy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Inde, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Nouveau né, Nourrisson, Etude comparative, Lait maternel, Alimentation, Lait infantile, Asie, Homme, Nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : India, Mortality, Epidemiology, Newborn, Infant, Comparative study, Breast milk, Feeding, Infant formula, Asia, Human, Nutrition
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0152037
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 09/06/1995.