Evaluation of weight reduction in a community intervention for cardiovascular disease risk : changes in body mass index in the Minnesota Heart Health Program.
This paper describes the effectiveness of the Minnesota Heart Health Program (MHHP) in modifying mean body mass index (BMI) in whole communities.
The MHHP is a 13-year research and demonstration project designed to reduce cardiovascular risk.
One member of each of three pairs of matched communities received 7 years of community intervention activities that included risk factor screening, mass media education, adult education classes, worksite interventions, home correspondence programs, school-based programs, restaurant programs, and point of-purchase education in supermarkets.
Weight gain prevention was emphasized for all adults and weight loss was encouraged among those who were obese or who had elevated risk factors known to be responsive to weight loss (e.g., high blood pressure).
A strong upward secular trend in weight was noted in all MHHP communities over time.
Intervention effects were evaluated conservatively with community as the unit of analysis.
This analysis showed no overall effect of the MHHP intervention program on mean BMI.
However, a positive intervention effect was noted early in the intervention among those with elevated cholesterol or a history of obesity-related disease.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Perte poids, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Education nutritionnelle, Indice masse corporelle, Homme, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Weight loss, Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Nutrition education, Body mass index, Human, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0150368
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 09/06/1995.