To understand possible correlates of the systematically higher gastric-cancer rates in males than in females, we investigated the role of menstrual, reproductive and hormonal factors in females, using data from a case-control study conducted in Northern Italy.
Cases were 229 post-menopausal women with incident, histologically confirmed gastric cancer, and controls were 614 post-menopausal women in hospital for acute, non-neoplastic, non-digestive-tract conditions.
After allowance for age, education, family history, and selected dietary correlates of stomach cancer, a reduced gastric-cancer risk was observed in women with later menopause (odds ratio, OR=0.6, p value for trend<0.05), and longer duration of fertile life (OR=0.7, but the trend in risk was not significant).
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Estomac, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Multiparité, Menstruation, Contraceptif, Voie orale, Traitement substitutif, Oestrogène, Reproduction, Nord, Italie, Europe, Femelle, Homme, Estomac pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Stomach, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Multiparity, Menstruation, Contraceptive, Oral administration, Replacement therapy, Estrogen, Reproduction, North, Italy, Europe, Female, Human, Gastric disease, Digestive diseases, Case control study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0147018
Code Inist : 002B13B01. Création : 09/06/1995.