The city of Leicester, in conjunction with other centres throughout the U.K., was targeted for publicity about melanoma over a 3-year period from 1987 to 1989.
We report the results of a survey to assess the level of awareness of melanoma, and to document current sunbathing practices subsequent to that period.
The general level of awareness of melanoma in the community was good (74%). People who knew about melanoma were more likely to use a sunscreen at home and abroad (odds ratios 1.63,95% CI 1.19-2.24 and 1.39,95% CI 1.03-1.86), but paradoxically more likely to sunbathe than those who had never heard of melanoma (odds ratio 1.33,95% CI 1.03-1.72).
Females were more knowledgeable than males (odds ratio 1.74,95% CI 1.26-2.22), but continued to sunbathe.
Teenagers and young adults tended to be relatively ignorant of melanoma, and were less likely to protect themselves against sunburn while sunbathing than other age groups.
Teenagers, young adults, and males need to be targeted more effectively in future publicity campaigns.
Furthermore, many people who know about melanoma continue to put themselves at risk by sunbathing.
New strategies need to be developed to influence behaviour as well as increasing awareness.
Mots-clés Pascal : Attitude, Comportement, Mélanome malin, Homme, Prise conscience, Etude statistique, Royaume Uni, Europe, Tumeur maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Attitude, Behavior, Malignant melanoma, Human, Awareness, Statistical study, United Kingdom, Europe, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0145246
Code Inist : 002B08A. Création : 09/06/1995.