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  1. Occupational and environmental exposure to perchloroethylene (PCE) in dry cleaners and their family members.

    Article - En anglais

    Perchloroethylene exposure in 28 dry-cleaning establishments and in 25 homes occupied by dry cleaners in Modena, Italy, was investigated.

    Environmental air samples and alveolar air samples from dry cleaners (n=60) and from their family members (n=23) were collected.

    The degree of perchloroethylene on the dry-cleaning premises varied widely from establishment to establishment.

    Spot sampling ranged from 0.6 to 75 mg/m3, whereas sampling by personal passive dosimeters ranged from 2.6 to 221.5 mg/m3 (8-h time weighted average values).

    Perchloroethylene in alveolar air samples collected at the end of the work day correlated closely with the 8-h time weighted average values (r=750, p=001), and correlated also with alveolar air samples collected at home in the evening (r=665, p=001) and the following morning (r=549, p<. 001).

    Perchloroethylene levels inside the homes of dry cleaners appeared significantly higher than in 29 houses selected as controls (Mann Whitney U test, p<. 001).

    Perchloroethylene in alveolar air samples collected at home suggests that nonoccupational exposure to perchloroethylene for family members of dry cleaners exists.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Ethylène(tétrachloro), Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Solvant organique, Industrie nettoyage, A sec, Italie, Europe, Epidémiologie, Médecine travail, Teneur air ambiant, Analyse quantitative, Lieu travail, Logement habitation, Pollution intérieur, Etude familiale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethylene(tetrachloro), Occupational exposure, Human, Organic solvent, Cleaning industry, Dry, Italy, Europe, Epidemiology, Occupational medicine, Ambient air concentration, Quantitative analysis, Work place, Housing, Indoor pollution, Family study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0143685

    Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 09/06/1995.