Perchloroethylene exposure in 28 dry-cleaning establishments and in 25 homes occupied by dry cleaners in Modena, Italy, was investigated.
Environmental air samples and alveolar air samples from dry cleaners (n=60) and from their family members (n=23) were collected.
The degree of perchloroethylene on the dry-cleaning premises varied widely from establishment to establishment.
Spot sampling ranged from 0.6 to 75 mg/m3, whereas sampling by personal passive dosimeters ranged from 2.6 to 221.5 mg/m3 (8-h time weighted average values).
Perchloroethylene in alveolar air samples collected at the end of the work day correlated closely with the 8-h time weighted average values (r=750, p=001), and correlated also with alveolar air samples collected at home in the evening (r=665, p=001) and the following morning (r=549, p<. 001).
Perchloroethylene levels inside the homes of dry cleaners appeared significantly higher than in 29 houses selected as controls (Mann Whitney U test, p<. 001).
Perchloroethylene in alveolar air samples collected at home suggests that nonoccupational exposure to perchloroethylene for family members of dry cleaners exists.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethylène(tétrachloro), Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Solvant organique, Industrie nettoyage, A sec, Italie, Europe, Epidémiologie, Médecine travail, Teneur air ambiant, Analyse quantitative, Lieu travail, Logement habitation, Pollution intérieur, Etude familiale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethylene(tetrachloro), Occupational exposure, Human, Organic solvent, Cleaning industry, Dry, Italy, Europe, Epidemiology, Occupational medicine, Ambient air concentration, Quantitative analysis, Work place, Housing, Indoor pollution, Family study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0143685
Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 09/06/1995.