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  1. Child fostering and children's nutritional outcomes in rural Mali : the role of female status in directing child transfers.

    Article - En anglais

    Research in West Africa has begun to document the phenomenon of child fostering although little attention has focussed on other types of non-maternal child care arrangements and their impact on child health.

    Evidence from a sample of 77 weaned children under five in rural Mali found that over one third (35%) of children were not the prime responsibility of both their biological parents.

    Nineteen per cent (N=15) of the sample were formally fostered children, known as sukaabe bambaabe, who lived neither with their biological mothers nor with their biological fathers.

    Others lived under flexible or semi-permanent non-maternal care arrangements both within and outside the agnatic family.

    Factors precipitating fostering are outlined and are divided into : (i) those under which the child is fostered away from its biological family through force of circumstance ; and (ii) those under which the child is actively requested by its foster mother.

    Rather than fostering providing a universal option for over-burdened mothers with too many or too closely-spaced children, the field evidence shows that the movement of children within and between households is rigorously controlled by the female social hierarchy.

    Children are transferred in a uni-directional fashion from the care of their low status biological mothers to high status foster mothers.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Placement familial, Enfant, Santé, Nutrition, Statut social, Mère, Statut socioéconomique, Soin, Milieu rural, Mali, Homme, Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Foster care placement, Child, Health, Nutrition, Social status, Mother, Socioeconomic status, Care, Rural environment, Mali, Human, Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0140036

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 09/06/1995.