Preferred components of an occupational health service for small industry in New Zealand : health protection or health promotion ?
Two hundred workers in small industry in New Zealand completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire about worksite occupational health services.
The majority (71%) saw a need for these.
Only 15% considered that they should include general health advice.
The component with the highest approval was specialist referrals (95%), followed by biological monitoring (80%), occupational health education (77%), local environmental issues (77%) and workplace environmental monitoring (74%). General health education and health promotion ranked lowest at 65% and 55%, respectively.
There was no difference between occupational groups except for general health education (P=0.003), which the administrative group rated lower (41%) than the other groups did (66-83%). The most favoured single component in a protection/prevention service was biological monitoring (42%), and the most favoured component in a service dealing with non-work-related issues was local environmental issues (37%), with counselling and lifestyle issues the least favoured (9% each).
There were statistically significant differences (P=0.03) between occupational groups for non-work-related services.
The results of the survey suggest that there is little demand for health promotion activities but good support for a protection/prevention service in small industry.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Petite moyenne entreprise, Rôle professionnel, Enquête, Employé, Homme, Préférence, Perception sociale, Prévention, Promotion santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Small medium sized firm, Occupational role, Inquiry, Employee, Human, Preference, Social perception, Prevention, Health promotion
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0139977
Code Inist : 002B30B03. Création : 09/06/1995.