To describe the association between self reported and externally assessed work characteristics and psychiatric disorder.
Design-Analysis of questionnaire data collected from the first phase of the White-hall II study, a cohort study of an employed population.
Setting-Twenty civil service departments in London.
Participants-Altogether 6900 male and 3414 female civil servants aged 35-55 years.
Main results-High levels of subjective social support at work, control at work, job variety, and skill use were associated with greater satisfaction and wellbeing and less psychiatric disorder measured by the 30 item general health questionnaire (GHQ).
High levels of subjective work pace and conflicting demands were associated with less satisfaction and wellbeing and greater psychiatric disorder.
The combined effects of work characteristics were similar to the effects of the work characteristics considered separately, except that for men there was a small interaction between psychological demands and control on the GHQ.
There was little overall support for the two factor job strain model.
In contrast, objective indices of work were generally not associated with the psychological indices.
Findings in men and women were generally comparable and were not significantly influenced by employment grade.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Epidémiologie, Fonctionnaire, Royaume Uni, Europe, Condition travail, Perception sociale, Autoperception, Bien être psychologique, Satisfaction professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Milieu professionnel, Londres
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Epidemiology, Civil servant, United Kingdom, Europe, Working condition, Social perception, Self perception, Psychological well being, Job satisfaction, Occupational medicine, Human, Occupational environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0137637
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 09/06/1995.